Why you need to know about Japanese Encephalitis


As a seasoned traveller, there are a few things that I will absolutely no longer travel without. One of them includes getting appropriate vaccines for wherever I’m travelling to. Not only have I heard too many awful stories about travellers getting sick from preventable diseases, it’s even happened to several of my friends! To ever consider skipping out on my vaccines is just not worth the risk. And since today, February 22nd, is World Encephalitis day (#WED), I thought it would be a perfect time talk about Japanese Encephalitis and why you need to protect yourself from this relatively unknown disease.

What is Japanese Encephalitis?

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain, which is most commonly caused by an infection. The Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is spread by mosquitos and is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the western Pacific. Most human infections are asymptomatic or result in only mild symptoms. However, a small percentage of infected persons develop inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), with symptoms including sudden onset of headache, high fever, disorientation, coma, tremors and convulsions. About 30% of cases are fatal, and there is unfortunately no cure or specific treatment for this disease. Even those who survive can be left with permanent neurologic or psychiatric conditions.

Who is at risk?

Japanese encephalitis is found in many Asian countries and western Pacific regions, including Southeast Asia which is a very popular destination for travellers (myself included, I love visiting the area!). Anyone can get encephalitis, regardless of age or how healthy they are. The risk for JE is based on destination, duration of travel, season, and activities. There are huge numbers of people travelling to affected areas each year who are completely unaware of this disease.

How to protect yourself

Whenever you plan a trip, it’s always important to speak with a healthcare professional about all the preventative measures that are recommended for your destination. I usually visit my local travel medical clinic at least 6-8 weeks before I travel anywhere. A short consultation will determine if I need to receive any vaccines, medications, or if there are any other precautions I need to be aware of. Sometimes I don’t need anything, but at least it gives me peace of mind and I won’t have to worry about it during my trip.

If you’d like to know more, you can read the incredible story of how one Canadian family was affected by Japanese encephalitis: https://www.ctvnews.ca/health/death-of-canadiansickened-in-thailand-inspires-daughter-s-vaccine-crusade-1.4299162


Note: This post was sponsored by Valneva. All thoughts and opinions are 100% my own.





Why you need to know about Japanese Encephalitis |Hey Nadine

Paul Immigrations Reviews: The Singapore PR Application Experts

Singapore is consistently ranked among the top places worldwide to live, work, or study. A recent study by HSBC, a global investment banking company, has found Singapore to be the best country for ex-pats worldwide in terms of career progression, work-life balance, healthcare and the ability to make new friends. About 47% of those who had moved to Singapore for work, the study says, have decided to stay due to the quality of life the country offers them and their families.

A financial hub with countless career opportunities, Singapore remains extremely livable due to the warm tropical climate, lush greenery, developed transport and community infrastructure, and a busy cultural scene. Foreigners account for 1.68 million out of the 5.7 million total population of Singapore. A truly international destination, with English widely used as a common language, the country remains an extremely attractive destination.

In order to stay in Singapore long-term, a permanent residence status is needed. This status offers most of the same rights, privileges, and responsibilities as Singapore citizenship, apart from the ability to vote or hold public office. A permanent residency offers the opportunity to live, work, and retire in Singapore without any time limits, which makes this status highly sort after.

Expectedly, the local government is quite picky when green-lighting PR applications, so there are a lot of hoops to jump through on the way to the coveted residence status. The process is handled by the ICA, the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority of Singapore, and is quite lengthy and effort-intensive.

First, applicants need to compile an extensive set of documents, including a detailed form and a series of relevant supporting documents to confirm all of the numerous ICA eligibility criteria are met.

Paul Immigrations Reviews – The Easy PR Administrative Process

Hiring an immigration consultant to guide you through this tedious process is key to surviving it with minimum stress. It is important to use a reputable agency that has all the insight and experience, such as the long-running Paul Immigrations. This consultancy firm has successfully helped over 15,000 applicants to date.

They make the application process easy by taking over, handling all aspects, providing you with the proper information you need, ensuring all the mandatory documents are completed properly and submitting the necessary paperwork on your behalf.

With Paul Immigrations’ qualified consultants, the entire process will be done in six simple steps:

Step 1: Call and arrange a phone interview with one of the firm’s consultants. During this conversation, the representative will ask you a series of questions to get your basic information and make sure you’re eligible to apply for permanent resident status.

Step 2: An Immigrations Consultant will schedule an in-person appointment. During this meeting, they will check if you’re holding the correct work permit, and provide you with all the information you need to proceed with the process. Dealing with the ICA closely, the firm’s representatives have all the information on the current political climate and other factors that might influence your chance of success.

Step 3: This is the only step that requires additional effort from your side. You will have to collect all the necessary documents (as indicated by their consultant), including the submission form (Form 4A), compulsory documents as per the ICA requirements and additional materials as needed, such as employer recommendations, materials reflecting your participation in charity work or your involvement with the local community. After handing over all the documents to them, either in person or via email, the hard part is over for you. The rest of the process will be handled by their specialists.

Step 4: The agency’s specialists check to make sure all the documents you have provided meet the ICA criteria and they then complete the rest of the paperwork. Paul Immigrations’ in-house writers will carefully create the important cover letter, based on a questionnaire that you fill out. A thoughtfully composed cover letter makes a world of difference as it highlights the applicant’s involvement in the local community and their commitment to the Singaporean society. It also describes the client’s skills and professional strengths, their participation in local events, and all other factors that would help the applicant stand out from the hundreds of others that the ICA processes on a monthly basis.

Step 5: Once all of the preparation is done, the agency will guide you with the submission of the documents. On average, the process from the first phone call to the completion of the application with them lasts between 1 to 2 months. From this point, you will simply wait for your paperwork to be processed by the ICA, which can take 4-6 months.

Step 6: If your application is successful, Paul Immigrations will advise you on the next steps in order to finalize everything and make it official.

Paul Immigrations Reviews – Conclusion

Trusting the specialized consultancy firm takes a significant amount of stress out of the daunting process.
You don’t have to worry about mistakes, as the agency guarantees 100% document accuracy.

The staff writers will craft a thoughtful cover letter to make your application stand out, which is a relief for those of us who dread writing important emails or letters.

The firm’s insight and expertise will give a competitive edge to your Singapore PR application, increasing your chance of success. Besides, if you’re going to make the decision to apply for such status in Singapore, it definitely pays to do it properly.

Obtaining permanent residence status is a major step in creating a wonderful life for yourself in Singapore and enjoying all of the benefits this country has to offer!

The post Paul Immigrations Reviews: The Singapore PR Application Experts appeared first on Wandering Earl.

How to Bargain in Foreign Countries

Bargain in Foreign Countries

The other day I received an email from a reader asking me to confirm the proper way to bargain in foreign countries. The ‘proper way’ that was mentioned is something that I’ve heard from travelers all the time.

It’s the 50% rule. And to me, the rule is wrong.

Bargaining is indeed a part of travel. And with more people traveling than ever before, questions about bargaining are on the rise.

In many countries, when you buy certain items, there are often no set prices. It’s just how it works.

As a result, travelers all over the world spend time trying to figure out how much things should actually cost.

But how do we really know how much we should be paying?

Back to that oh-so-common 50% rule.

Bargain in Foreign Countries – “The 50% Rule”

This rule states that we should always take the starting price that a shopkeeper gives us and try to reduce it by 50%. We will then reach the ‘actual’ price.

However, I’ll tell you exactly why that doesn’t work.

  • The starting prices given by a shopkeeper or market vendor are not always the same. Different tourists get different starting prices.
  • The shopkeeper will set that price by determining how much he thinks you will pay, based on many factors.
  • This is why shopkeepers all over the world ask you ‘where are you from?‘, ‘is this your first time in India/Thailand/Morocco/etc?‘ and ‘what do you do?‘. The answers to those questions help them calculate their starting price based on their experience with people from your country and with as much travel experience as you have.

So, if the real price of a silk shawl is $4 but the shopkeeper starts with $30, the 50% rule is way off.

The 50% rule only works if every single shopkeeper automatically doubles the price of an item before you start the bargaining process.

But since shopkeepers start with different prices based on what they think they can get from you in the end, that rule is useless.

If the 50% rule doesn’t work though, what does work?

Bargain in Foreign Countries – “The Better Method”

The advice I give other travelers, which involves the quick method that has always worked best for me, is this:

1. Shop around.
If you see something you want to purchase, visit 2-3 other shops nearby that sell the same thing or something similar. Ask how much it costs at each of the shops. This will give you a general idea of a true starting price for negotiations. If one shop quotes you $50, another quotes $35 and another one quotes you $20, you know the actual price is below $20.

2. Walk away.
Based on the knowledge you gain from Step 1, decide on the price that you think is fair and offer that. If the shopkeeper declines, you can simply thank them and walk away. If your price is indeed too low, the shopkeeper will let you leave. If your price is indeed doable or very close to an acceptable price, they will call you back into the shop and accept or provide one last offer.

This method is quick, efficient and it works every time.

And for those travelers who don’t like to bargain in foreign countries (which makes sense if you’re not used to it), this is an easy way to get a better price without getting too involved in the potentially awkward bargaining process.

Final Thoughts on Bargaining

  • It’s not always worth bargaining. If the difference is a very small amount, it’s generally better to just accept their slightly higher price. After all, this is their business and livelihood and as a traveler, we already have enough money to have traveled to this destination in the first place. Bargaining over a few cents or even a few dollars is probably not worth it.
  • In many countries, bargaining is part of business for everyone, not just something aimed at tourists. And since it’s expected, it should always be done in a polite, even-mannered way as getting angry or being rude is not how it’s supposed to work.
  • You will always get ripped off. I’ve been traveling for 20+ years and I still get ripped off. It’s impossible to avoid but again, it’s usually not by a huge amount. If you’re happy with your purchase, that’s the main thing. And if you paid a little more than the ‘normal’ price, it’s really not a big deal in the end.

Safe travels and happy bargaining!

For more posts about money and travel, check out my Travel Costs category.

The post How to Bargain in Foreign Countries appeared first on Wandering Earl.

Travel Advisors Field Cruise Concerns as Coronavirus Outbreak Spreads

Princess Cruises

The quarantine of the Diamond Princess is among factors driving cruise cancellations and postponements. Princess Cruises

Skift Take: The coronavirus is wreaking havoc on the cruise industry, with travel advisors caught in the middle as they deal with cancellations and questions from worried clients that are difficult to answer. Among the most troublesome aspects is the uncertainty of how long the crisis will last and how much worse it may get.

— Maria Lenhart

Read the Complete Story On Skift

Finnair Considering Layoffs to Deal With Coronavirus Downturn

Phil Noble / Reuters

A Finnair jet. The airline considering temporary layoffs. Phil Noble / Reuters

Skift Take: Finnair’s latest response to the outbreak shows how quickly things can change and how difficult it is for a company to quantify the impact of a fast-changing external event. Only a month ago, the CEO was saying that coronavirus would have a “relatively limited” impact on the airline.

— Patrick Whyte

Read the Complete Story On Skift

Travel Megatrends 2020: The Rise of Ultra-Long-Haul Flights Is Changing the Way We Travel


More airlines are launching ultra-long-haul flights, making it easier for travelers to fly nonstop between large cities. Skift

Skift Take: Connecting to the ends of the Earth with nonstop flights is an increasingly attractive prospect for flyers. The growing popularity of nearly day-long flights, however, is set to disrupt the economics of the airline business. Adapting will be crucial as demand from the travel industry grows.

— Brian Sumers

Read the Complete Story On Skift